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What is Passive Fire Protection?

July 27, 2016

 

Passive Fire Protection (PFP) is the primary measure to provide fire safety and protection against flame, heat, and smoke to maintain compartmentalization, structural stability, fire separation and a safe means of escape. PFP is integrated during construction, but can be assessed, inspected, and repaired, on an existing building.

 

A fire in your building can be devastating without properly installed passive fire protection. Building owners are often less familiar with this portion of fire-stopping.

 

Here are the components of PFP:

  • Structural fire protection- Guards structural components

    • The building’s structural integrity is maintained when exposed to fire

  • Compartmentalization- Barriers to contain spread of fire into compartments

    • Fire rated walls, floors, ceilings

  • Opening Protection- Maintain fire rating through openings in fire barrier

    • Fire doors, windows, dampers

  • Fire-stopping materials- Applied to through penetrations in a fire barrier

    • Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing Penetrations

Products within PFP systems are tested and certified by accredited organizations (UL, FM, NFPA) and rated by the half-hour or hour. Systems are rated by 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours.

 

If your building is rewired, plumbed, or communication systems are added, don’t hesitate to seek professional advice. These work categories will often impact the integrity of your fire protection.

 

Incorporating fire protection materials, systems, and assemblies, ensures asset protection, life safety, risk reduction, and compliance with the 2012 International Fire Code (IFC 703.1).

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