What is Passive Fire Protection?


Passive fire protection working in a facility.

Passive Fire Protection (PFP) is the primary measure to provide fire safety and protection against flame, heat, and smoke to maintain compartmentalization, structural stability, fire separation, and a safe means of escape. PFP is integrated during construction but can be assessed, inspected, and repaired, on an existing building.


A fire in your building can be devastating without properly installed passive fire protection. Building owners are often less familiar with this portion of fire-stopping.


There are four main areas that make up the components of PFP:

  1. Structural Fire Protection - Guards structural components of a building to maintain its structural integrity when exposed to fire

  2. Compartmentalization - Includes barriers to contain the spread of fire into compartments (such as fire-rated walls, floors, ceilings)

  3. Opening Protection - Maintain fire rating through openings in fire barrier (examples include fire-rated doors, windows, and dampers)

  4. Fire-Stopping Materials - Applied to through penetrations in a fire barrier (such as mechanical, electrical, or plumbing penetrations)

Products within PFP systems are tested and certified by accredited organizations such as UL, FM, or NFPA, and are rated by a half-hour or hour. Systems are rated by 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours.


Incorporating fire protection materials, systems, and assemblies, ensures asset protection, life safety, risk reduction, and compliance with the 2012 International Fire Code (IFC 703.1).


If your building is rewired, plumbed, or communication systems are added, don’t hesitate to seek professional advice from Barrier Compliance Services. These categories of work will often impact the integrity of your fire protection.


Barrier Compliance Services provides complete turnkey services including inspections, documentation, reporting, repairs, complete facility remediation, and training. Whether you’re looking for assistance with your fire-rated barriers, dampers, or want our complete line of services, we’ll customize a solution that fits your unique needs. Schedule a call with us today to get started.

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